Periodontal disease is the formal medical term for gum disease. It’s an inflammation of the gums brought on by a bacterial infection and exists in about half of all American adults over the age of 30. Many times, periodontal disease goes unnoticed for a long time because patients don’t experience any pain during the early stage. The common cause of periodontal disease is the presence of tartar around the gum line, but it can also be caused by dental infection, some health conditions, and tobacco use.
Gingivitis is the earliest stage of periodontal disease, and inflamed, red, and bleeding gums are the early symptoms of gingivitis. If you experience these symptoms, you may be able to reverse the condition with a trip to the dentist and daily oral hygiene.
If these symptoms go untreated, the condition will progress into periodontitis, spreading the inflammation and infection deep into the gum tissue, causing your gums to pull away from the teeth. The pockets that form between the gums and teeth, as a result, are perfect environments for a dental infection. Over time, periodontitis can cause tooth and bone loss.
Periodontitis also has the ability to manifest in systemic inflammations that weaken your immune system and put you at a higher risk of developing medical conditions such as diabetes, some types of cancer, heart disease, and rheumatoid arthritis–to name a few.
If you are experiencing symptoms of periodontal disease, call 310-826-3399 today to schedule an appointment with our dentist, Dr. Farshid Ariz, and receive quality gum care in West Los Angeles, California.